By Douglas M. Branson
Not until eventually 1997 did a feminine turn into leader government officer of a Fortune 500 company (Jill Barad, at Mattel Toy Co. Women’s development due to the fact that point has been in suits and starts off, quite gradual. The variety of ladies CEOs reached four in 1999 in basic terms to slip again to two in 2001. in the meantime, whereas now not achieving whatever impending parity, girls made major strides in politics (as senators, cupboard secretaries and governors), in not-for-profit spheres (as CEOs of well-being care and clinic companies or of United manner chapters, with budgets of billions of dollars), and at faculties and universities (23 % have girl presidents or chancellors). at present, 3%, or 15, of Fortune 500 CEOs are women.
After reading intimately the educations, occupation progressions, pronouncements and observations, in addition to kin lives, of the nineteen girls who've risen to the head (sitting and previous CEOs), this ebook asks, and makes an attempt to respond to, questions:
Why haven’t extra ladies reached the CEO suite?How could ladies in company larger place themselves to ascend to the pinnacle?
Read or Download The Last Male Bastion: Gender and the CEO Suite in America's Public Companies PDF
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Extra resources for The Last Male Bastion: Gender and the CEO Suite in America's Public Companies
Nameless (2007) This tale illustrates either the advantages and the burdens of token, or skewed staff (see), prestige: • • • Token prestige lends itself to a retreat into stereotypes (mascot, category clown, iron maiden), or as right here (mother determine, queen bee), or the imposition of token prestige, no matter if the recipient wishes it or no longer. Stereotypes restrict draw back threat (demotion, dismissal, layoff, transfer). concurrently, stereotypes masks from view actual success, capping or proscribing upside capability. girls frequently are tokens (the in basic terms, or one among ) of their activity category, paintings middle, or employment rank. They retreat into stereotypes, or allow the bulk to go to stereotypes upon them. They therefore restrict, seriously, their possibilities for migration into the pool from which forums of administrators and 164 Why There Aren’t extra senior executives will opt for senior managers and applicants for promoting as a rule. those observations approximately token prestige and its ramifications come from the paintings of sociologists. they assist clarify why the variety of girl CEOs and different senior managers lags some distance in the back of expectancies we now have had for over 30 years. Token prestige inside a firm, individuals might deal with a unmarried minority workforce member (woman, black, Hispanic) as a token. She can have to endure the brunt of jokes, sensible and in a different way, at her cost. Tokens draw cognizance, even more so than any of the group’s dominants. no matter if she doesn't retreat right into a stereotype, the token will undergo via program by way of co-workers of a stereotype to her. The dominants will practice to token ladies some of the stereotypical attributes concept appropriate to their style (“emotional,” “intuitive,” “not rational”). because the token’s variety raises in quantity in a piece middle or workforce, her visibility and attribution to her of varied features optimistically will reduce “because every one person turns into much less mind-blowing, precise or noteworthy. ”1 A moment perceptual phenomenon, in spite of the fact that, is that, between themselves, with a token of their midst, the dominants develop into extra conscious and expressive approximately their universal features (enjoy specialist soccer, discuss autos and ladies, smoke cigars). They emphasize alterations they understand their style having from the token (males are rational whereas ladies are usually not; males are unemotional in concerns of industrial whereas girls are not). to maintain their commonality, the dominants retain the token at arm’s size, outdoor the dominant team. they provide a boundary to themselves, as dominants, in which their commonality can flourish. this can be the method sociologists time period “boundary heightening. ” Skewed teams As someone else with an identical features (a girl, a black, a Jew, a Muslim) enters the crowd, instinct may spark a tentative end that stereotyping and boundary heightening reduce. usually the result is counterintuitive, the other of what an onlooker could surmise. The dominants now understand a chance instead of an irritant. They bring up boundary heightening.