Category: Judaism

  • Download E-books The Popes Against the Jews: The Vatican's Role in the Rise of Modern Anti-Semitism PDF

    By David I. Kertzer

    During this meticulously researched, unflinching, and reasoned learn, nationwide ebook Award finalist David I. Kertzer offers stunning revelations in regards to the position performed via the Vatican within the improvement of recent anti-Semitism. operating in long-sealed Vatican documents, Kertzer reveals startling proof to undermine the Church’s argument that it performed no direct position within the unfold of contemporary anti-Semitism. In doing so, he demanding situations the Vatican’s contemporary authentic assertion at the topic, We Remember. Kertzer tells an unsettling tale that has stirred up controversy world wide and sheds a much-needed mild at the prior.
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  • Download E-books After the Rescue: Jewish Identity and Community in Contemporary Denmark PDF

    In October of 1943, the Danish resistance rescued just about all of the Jews in Copenhagen from roundups via the occupying Nazis. within the years because, Jews became deeply engaged in a Danish tradition that provides only a few obstacles of antisemitism or prejudice. This e-book explores the questions that such inclusion increases for the Danish Jews, and what their solutions can let us know concerning the which means of faith, ethnicity and neighborhood in glossy society. Social scientists have lengthy argued that modernity poses demanding situations for standard ethnic groups, by way of breaking down the networks of locality, kinship, faith and profession that experience held such groups jointly. For the Danish Jews, inclusion into the bigger society has ended in expanding fragmentation, because the group has break up right into a bewildering array of non secular, social, and political factions. but it is still one among Scandinavia's most crucial spiritual enterprises, and Jewishness continues to be relevant to self-understanding for hundreds of thousands of its contributors. How this has occurred - how the Jewish international has maintained its value whereas wasting any experience of coherence or cohesion - indicates a brand new figuring out of the which means of ethnic neighborhood in modern society.
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  • Download E-books Critique and Apologetics (Early Christianity in the Context of Antiquity) PDF

    This ebook comprises thirteen contributions from a global convention held in 2007. the assumption of the convention used to be to enquire the confrontations and the cultural, philosophical and spiritual trade among assorted non secular teams in antiquity and to set up a extra accomplished conception approximately what apologetics used to be thought of to be either within the context of antiquity and from the viewpoint of recent scholarship: is it attainable to outline a literary style known as apologetics? Is it attainable to discuss apologetics as a undeniable form of discourse which isn't constrained to a different form of texts? Which argumentative recommendations are implied in apologetic discourses? The essays during this quantity current a brand new method of those questions.
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  • Download E-books Ethnicity, Religion and Class in Israeli Society PDF

    By Eliezer Ben-Rafael

    This publication is the 1st significant sociological research of the features and interrelationships of ethnicity, faith, and socio-economic type in Israeli society. even if a lot has been written in regards to the a variety of differences among Sephardi and Ashkenazi Jews, this quantity argues for a extra refined process than the particularly crude divisions that experience shaped the foundation of such a lot works at the topic. The authors comprise different types mostly ignored in sociological experiences on Israel akin to heart classification Israelis from Asia and Africa, and working-class Israelis from Europe. the information received from this wealthy ethnic combine ends up in the research of a variety of theoretical concerns that casts clean gentle on social cleavages inside Israel specifically and society as a rule.
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  • Download E-books The New Encyclopedia of Judaism PDF

    By Fred Skolnik

    Winner, the hot York Public Library, better of Reference Award, 2002

    New York collage Press is proud to announce the go back of a worthy source for either Jewish households and people drawn to studying extra in regards to the Jewish religion. The New Encyclopedia of Judaism is a accomplished one-volume encyclopedia that accessibly provides each point of the Jewish faith and represents present considering between students within the Reform, Conservative, and Orthodox movements.

    The unique model of the encyclopedia used to be chosen by way of the yankee Library organization as a superb Reference ebook. This revised and increased version updates the unique thousand entries and provides approximately 250 new ones. Magnificently illustrated, it additionally encompasses a new advent, a consultant for utilization, new illustrations, in addition to a brand new annotated bibliography. Its compilation was once overseen via the past due Geoffrey Wigoder, top often called the Editor-in-chief of the Encyclopedia Judaica.

    The articles disguise an unlimited spectrum of subject matters. There are biographical entries on biblical figures, rabbis, and others whose innovations and activities have prompted the improvement of Judaism. additionally integrated are dozens of insightful commentaries on particular prayers. problems with specific modern curiosity are given detailed recognition, as are women's roles, with a separate access at the feminist move and new biographical entries on figures starting from Miriam and Deborah to Blu Greenberg and Suzannah Heschel. relatively emphasised are the customs and people traditions of Jewish outposts the realm over.

    Authoritative and obtainable, The New Encyclopedia of Judaism fulfills the promise of the 1st variation and serves as a regular one-volume Jewish reference paintings for the hot millennium. it truly is a great reference for each Jewish loved ones and synagogue library.

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  • Download E-books The Shtetl: New Evaluations (Elie Wiesel Center for Judaic Studies Series) PDF

    By Steven T. Katz

    Dating from the 16th century, there have been 1000s of shtetls—Jewish settlements—in jap Europe that have been domestic to a wide and compact inhabitants that differed from their gentile, as a rule peasant acquaintances in faith, career, language, and tradition. The shtetls have been diversified in vital respects from past forms of Jewish settlements within the Diaspora in that Jews had hardly shaped a majority within the cities during which they lived. This was once now not actual of the shtetl, the place Jews occasionally comprised eighty% or extra of the inhabitants. whereas the shtetl started to decline in the course of the process the 19th century, it was once the Holocaust which ultimately destroyed it.

    During the final thirty years the shtetl has attracted a starting to be volume of scholarly consciousness, even though gross generalizations and romanticized nostalgia proceed to impact how the subject is taken care of. This quantity takes a brand new examine this most crucial aspect of East ecu Jewish lifestyles. It is helping to right the idea that the shtetl was once a completely Jewish international and exhibits the ways that the Jews of the shtetl interacted either with their co-religionists and with their gentile acquaintances. the quantity contains chapters at the background of the shtetl, its myths and realities, politics, gender dynamics, how the shtetl has been (mis)represented in literature, and the alterations led to by means of global struggle I and the Holocaust, between others.

    Contributors: Samuel Kassow, Gershon David Hundert, Immanuel Etkes, Nehemia Polen, Henry Abramson, Konrad Zielinski, Jeremy Dauber, Israel Bartel, Naomi Seidman, Mikhail Krutikov, Arnold J. Band, Katarzyna Wieclawska, Yehunda Bauer, and Elie Wiesel.

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  • Download E-books The Anti-Journalist: Karl Kraus and Jewish Self-Fashioning in Fin-de-Siecle Europe (Studies in German-Jewish Cultural History and Literature, Franz Rosenzweig Miner) PDF

    By Paul Reitter

    In turn-of-the-century Vienna, Karl Kraus created a daring new variety of media feedback, penning incisive satires that elicited either admiration and outrage. Kraus’s spectacularly opposed reviews frequently excited about his fellow Jewish reporters, which introduced him a name because the vital self-hating Jew. The Anti-Journalist overturns this view with exceptional strength and class, displaying how Kraus’s criticisms shape the guts of an intensive version of German-Jewish self-fashioning, and the way that version constructed in live performance with Kraus’s modernist journalistic style.
    Paul Reitter’s learn of Kraus’s writings situates them within the context of fin-de-siècle German-Jewish highbrow society. He argues that instead of stemming from anti-Semitism, Kraus’s assaults constituted an leading edge critique of mainstream German-Jewish techniques for assimilation. Marshalling 3 of the main bold German-Jewish authors—Kafka, Scholem, and Benjamin—Reitter explains their admiration for Kraus’s venture and demonstrates his effect all alone notions of cultural authenticity.
    The Anti-Journalist is right now a brand new interpretation of a desirable modernist oeuvre and a heady exploration of a tremendous level within the background of German-Jewish brooding about identity.
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  • Download E-books The Influence of American Theories on Judicial Review in Nordic Constitutional Law (Raoul Wallenberg Institute Human Rights Library) PDF

    Courts of a few Nordic international locations all started reviewing the constitutionality of laws lengthy sooner than judicial overview used to be verified in other places in Europe. This research examines the impact of yankee legislation and theories of judicial assessment at the improvement, perform and theorization of judicial evaluation in Norway, Denmark, and Iceland from the nineteenth century to the present.

    The research describes how Nordic students within the past due nineteenth century rationalized judicial evaluate in line with American concept and the way American legislations inspired either their perspectives of the establishment and their frame of mind approximately substantial constitutional rights. those perspectives in flip inspired Nordic jurisprudence for decades.

    the writer then exhibits how the adjustments that came about in American constitutional jurisprudence within the Nineteen Thirties and Nineteen Forties inspired Nordic constitutional conception and constitutional jurisprudence. those adjustments bought major awareness in Nordic felony circles and the examine examines how those alterations, in addition to the yankee and Nordic idea that outfitted on them, encouraged Nordic jurisprudence.

    ultimately, it's argued that American effect during this zone of legislation replaced after 1965. Direct references to and discussions of yankee legislations nearly disappeared from Nordic jurisprudence. American constitutional legislations used to be, although, an enormous impression at the case-law of the ecu court docket of Human Rights, which significance elevated during this interval. the ecu conference of Human Rights and the Court’s judgements have in flip immensely encouraged Nordic constitutional legislations.
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